Tuscany is Italy’s third most planted wine region. Throughout the district, which includes such acclaimed vicinities as Chianti and Montalcino, a variety of grapes have come to be grown. International varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon; Cabernet Franc; Chardonnay; Merlot; Pinot Noir; Sauvignon Blanc; and Syrah, however the signature grape of the region is Italy’s own Sangiovese.
The terrain is quite hilly as it gradually undulates toward the Apennine Mountains. The Sangiovese grape performs best under direct sunlight. For this reason, many Tuscan vineyards are located on hillsides, allowing for as much unimpeded light as possible. The higher elevation of most of the vineyards also increases their daily temperature variations, thereby helping the grapes to obtain optimal harmony of sugars, acidity, and aromatics.
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